The first century of the CCP was celebrated in July. Xi will now be able to dominate the other.
“The story is not about the dusty past,” said researchers Adam Ni and Yun Jiang of China Neican. “It’s about the power to decide the future.”
The resolution was approved on the basis of three years of education campaigns based on his own policies and ideas – “Xi Jinping Thoughts” – and a story about Xi’s achievements published in state media daily over the past few weeks.
As the son of a revolutionary, Xi rose from sleeping on a pile of fleas to transforming his country’s economic, diplomatic, and military fortunes. In his 38 years as a member of the CCP, he has gone from building wells to villagers to shaping his own philosophy: “happiness is the result of struggle”.
That struggle would move from the rural areas of Liangjiahe through purges of corruption and culminate in an economic shift that would see the rapid pursuit of capitalist wealth over the past few decades turned into the goal of “common prosperity” for the next century.
“The Chinese nation has taken the great leap from standing up to getting rich to becoming strong,” the Politburo said in a draft resolution on history ahead of the last meeting.
Now in the final year of what was to be Xi’s second and final term, China has become the sole superpower challenger to the United States, largely containing COVID-19, crushing multi-party democracy in Hong Kong and aiming for unification with Taiwan.
“The party’s Central Committee, with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, has united and led the entire party and people of all ethnicities across the nation,” the Politburo draft said.
Wu said the timing of Xi’s decision between the first and second centuries of the CCP and the government’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic gave Xi “very good legitimacy.”
“Even if we did not have COVID, he would have found another achievement to justify his rule in the next decade,” he said.
Trey McArver, a partner at political analysis firm Trivium China, said the historic resolution was an official proclamation that Xi is taking the country in a new direction.
Xi’s efforts will also pose the first real systemic challenge to capitalist democracy since the end of the Cold War. If Xi is successful, he may well take the initiative […] a Chinese-led global order. If Xi fails, he may well overthrow the party – and China [People’s Republic of China],” he said.
“Tension up, we are facing some significant changes.”
The resolution will pave the way for Xi to either extend his presidency to a third term when he faces the party congress in 2022, or revive a 40-year-old title that will prevent him from having to deal with any future leadership struggles: Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party.
Mao held that title for 27 years. It was eliminated in the tumultuous years after his death to prevent such a concentration of power from repeating itself.
Ling Li, a Chinese political scholar at the University of Vienna, said the party chairman is the only person in power held by a person who is not bound by the party’s basic organizational principle – collective decision-making. It would also allow Xi to groom an heir by making his current official position as general secretary vacant.
“The reactivation of the party presidency seems to provide the best solution for Xi, as it would allow him to achieve two goals simultaneously: to continue to rule and to micro-control the succession process,” Li wrote in the newspaper. Made in China Journal In November
“A truly compelling signal that this may be the plan is the unfolding of an unusually intensive and powerful national ideological campaign to establish ‘Xi Jinping Thought’.”
The party used the same playbook as it created the same office for Mao, which culminated with Solving several historical questions by 1945. By the end of the campaign, Mao – then largely a practical leader, but not a thinker, had become a leading Chinese-socialist theorist – and legitimized his control over all aspects of the CCP.
Li said you can question Xi’s intentions for the country’s future, “but no one can deny he has a vision”.
“He has a plan for the party to lead the country to material prosperity and civilizational rejuvenation by 2049,” she said.
Wu said Xi was not only aiming for a third term.
‘I think he aims much higher. Basically, he needs to build a consensus that he is even bigger than Deng Xiaoping and Mao. I think this decision will have this kind of narrative. “
But Wu sees no need for Xi to revive the presidency because he faces no threats to his leadership, has already amended the constitution to remove the boundaries of the presidential term and as a 68-year-old could continue to rule unchallenged for a decade or more.
“I do not think he needs to find a difficult position for him to continue his period,” he said.
The last leader to deliver a historic resolution was Deng in 1981. Too close to the memories of Mao’s brutal last year, he never became president, but he became the supreme leader. Until Xi, he was unquestionably the most important leader of Mao, reshaping the market economy to help deliver four decades of economic growth.
Qu Qinghsan, a member of the Central Committee that adopted the resolution and director of the CCP’s Institute for Party History and Literature, said it would “boost morale and strengthen beliefs” as China faces increasing internal and external risks.
“Under the strong leadership of the Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, we will unite the entire party as a piece of unbreakable iron and march forward in the locking steps,” he said Friday.
Qu said the resolution would educate the wider population in improving the party’s political work and “understand the importance of discipline”.
The Central Committee also targeted the United States on Friday and used a press conference on the resolution to accuse the superpower competitor of splitting the world and failing its citizens.
“Democracy is not an exclusive pattern for Western countries,” said Jiang Jinquan, director of policy research for the Central Committee.
“Electoral democracy in Western countries is governed by capital. It is a game for the rich. ”
The comments suggest that Beijing is becoming more and more confident in pitching its alternative model of governance to other developing countries around the world.
Xi has long had intentions of gaining influence beyond China’s borders.
In a speech to the Great Hall of the People five years before the historic resolution, Xi addressed US author Francis Fukuyama’s claim that the end of the Cold War in the 1990s meant that Western liberal democracy was the ultimate form of government – and therefore ” the end of history “.
“The story is not over, nor can it end,” Xi said. “The Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese people have full confidence in their ability to deliver a Chinese solution to help explore a better social system for humanity.”
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