Black Floridians, on average, have poorer health outcomes, poorer access to health care and lower quality of care compared to the state’s white population, according to a report from the Commonwealth Fund.
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Poor health outcomes
One metric that stands out is hospital readmission rates.
According to The Commonwealth Fund, Black Floridians were readmitted at a rate of 79 cases per year. 1,000 recipients compared to the national average of 60.
This metric is in sharp comparison with the number of white Floridians who had a rate of 41 readmissions per. 1,000 recipients.
Due to a higher readmission rate, Black Floridians also had a higher mortality rate susceptible to health care, representing the number of deaths from diseases that could have been prevented with previous treatment.
In this area, the black population had a rate of 137 deaths per capita. 100,000 people – a rate that was lower than the U.S. average of 153, but higher than the rate of 82 for white Floridians.
Black Floridians also saw higher rates of breast cancer deaths among women with 25 out of 100,000 women and a higher rate of colorectal cancer deaths at 16 deaths per 100,000 people. These rates were still above Florida’s white population of 19 and 13, respectively.
Access to health care
According to The Commonwealth Fund, 22% of Florida’s black population did not have health insurance. It is higher than the national percentage of 14% and the percentage of white Floridians at 15%.
The cost was a contributing factor to these figures.
The percentage of black Floridians who opted out of health insurance because of costs is at 20%. This percentage was not only higher than the national average of 15% for uninsured blacks, but was also above 12% for white Floridians.
With a lower health insurance rate came a lower care rate.
The percentage of black Floridians who had a usual source of care, which is a doctor or health nurse that they go to regularly, is at 72%. Not only was this rate lower than the national average of 78%, but also lower than 77% for white Floridians.
The quality of healthcare
Black Floridians fell short in various health quality surveys compared to white Floridians.
Preventable hospital admissions among those 65 and older were 70 people per. 100,000 for the Black Floridians. This number was higher than the national average of 59 and higher than the number of 40 for white Floridians.
A similar trend was observed for visits to the emergency room.
For the Black Floridians, the number of potentially unavoidable emergency room visits for those 65 and older was 287 per year. 1,000 recipients. This was on par with the national average of 290, but higher than 180 for white Floridians.