There has been a significant improvement in cancer survival rates in the UK over the past few decades – mainly due to advances in cancer treatment and research.
But to repeat the old saying, medical experts also remind us that prevention is always much better than a cure.
Therefore, a large portion of the funds is dedicated to this area of cancer research.
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As a result, a host of risk factors have been unearthed – the latest involving a pill that is widely prescribed around the world, writes The Express.
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are thought to be given to over 50 million patients in the UK alone each year.
The Patient website explains: “Proton pump inhibitors reduce the amount of acid produced by your stomach.
“They are commonly used to treat acid reflux and ulcers in the stomach and a part of the intestine called the duodenum.”
Therapeutic Advances of Gastroenterology (TAG) is a peer-reviewed journal focusing on groundbreaking research in gastroenterology (including diseases of the esophagus, stomach, intestines and pancreas) and hepatology (diseases of the liver).
A recent study published in the journal revealed a link between long-term use of PPI pills and a double increase in the risk of developing stomach cancer.
Researchers at the University of Hong Kong and University College of London found that the risk increases according to the duration of treatment.
It followed a study involving over 63,397 adults, including individuals who had been treated with a triple therapy that combined PPIs and antibiotics.
Between 2012 and 2015, a total of 3,271 people took PPIs, while 21,729 took H2 blockers, another drug that reduces the amount of acid produced by the stomach.
The researchers reported that a total of 153 people were diagnosed with stomach cancer at the end of the follow-up period.
They found that while H2 blockers had no association with a higher risk of stomach cancer, PPIs were associated with a doubled risk of the disease.
Stephen Evans, professor of pharmacoepidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, said:
“Many observational studies have found negative effects associated with PPIs.”
He added: “The most plausible explanation for the overall evidence of this is that those who get PPIs, and especially those who continue with them in the long run, tend to be sick in a variety of ways than those they are not for. prescribed. “
Stomach cancer is the result of the cells in the stomach, which like all cancer cells show abnormal and rapid growth, according to the Health Service for Rare Diseases.
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It was recently listed by the Less Survival Cancer Taskforce as one of the fast-growing cancers, along with those in the lung, liver, brain, esophagus and pancreas.
Anna Jewell, president of the organization, said: “We know that delays in diagnosis lead to much worse outcomes for patients with these rapidly advanced cancers.
“These cancers are currently difficult or impossible to treat at later stages, and the time from diagnosis to death is often brutally short compared to more survivable cancers.”
Diet plays a central role in the loss of visceral fat, so complex carbohydrates and lean protein should replace white bread and refined grain pasta.
But along with a good diet, one of the most effective measures to reduce visceral fat is to exercise regularly, Express reports.
Harvard Health explains: “The starting point for bringing weight under control in general, and in particular fighting abdominal fat, is regular physical activity with moderate intensity – at least 30 minutes a day to control and lose belly fat.
“Strength training can also help fight belly fat.”
She said the situation is now critical and has been exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic.
“The task force is calling for a significant increase in research funding as well as a commitment to increase resources for early diagnosis of lesser surviving cancers so we can close the deadly cancer gap,” she added.
However, the disease is known to mainly cause symptoms in the later stages where it is more difficult to treat.
There are several lifestyle factors known to increase the risk of stomach cancer.
They include smoking tobacco and and drinking alcohol, a diet high in smoked, salted or pickled foods and a history of stomach irritation or stomach ulcers.
Medical experts say that eating a varied diet that emphasizes fruits and vegetables gives people the best chance of avoiding the disease.
That means eating at least five servings of different fruits and vegetables each day, according to the NHS.
Its advice also includes including starchy carbohydrates such as rice, potatoes, bread and pasta in every meal.
“Try to choose whole grain options where possible. Include dairy products or dairy products to provide calcium and other vitamins and minerals,” it said.
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